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This Day In Founders History – 1 November
On this day in 1765, the “Duties in American Colonies Act 1765,” otherwise known as the Stamp Act, passed by British Parliament, was enacted. Unlike the Sugar Act, the Stamp Act was a direct tax on the colonists, and it was passed without their consent as they had no representatives in Parliament. Petitions had been sent and protests had been held in opposition of the tax, and the Stamp Act Congress, the first significant joint colonial response to a British measure, had assembled in New York City the previous month. Once enacted, the boycott of British goods began, and attacks were staged on customhouses and the homes of tax collectors. An appeal was made by Benjamin Franklin to the British House of Commons and Parliament voted to repeal the Stamp Act in March of the following year.
In 1800 on this day, President John Adams moved into the newly-constructed President’s House, what we know today as the White House. He and Abigail would live there for only five months as Adams was defeated by Jefferson in the next presidential election.